Macular degeneration, or more commonly known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), is a condition of the eye that develops when the center of the eye called the macula become damaged. There are two types of AMD – dry macular degeneration and wet macular degeneration. As far as macular degeneration therapy is concerned, there is still no treatment that can truly reverse the damage in the macula. Remember, AMD is a progressive disease, which means that the condition will just become worse over time. Fortunately, some things can be done in order to retard its further advancement and prevent loss of vision.
Dry AMD, or early-stage AMD, develops when the macula gets thinner and slowly loses its function. There is no macular degeneration therapy for this type, which is why controlling your risk factors is very vital.
Wet AMD, on the other hand, occurs when blood vessels leak behind the macula. Fortunately, macular degeneration therapy options for this kind are available. Bear in mind though that the treatment choices are not meant to cure the condition, as they are aimed at stopping or slowing the disease process instead.
There are a number of FDA-approved anti-angiogenic drugs that are found to be effective in slowing up the progression of AMD. Examples of these are Lucentis, Macugen, and Eylea. These drugs, in general, work by inhibiting a kind of protein called vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF).
Apparently, VEGF promotes the growth of abnormal blood vessels at the back of the retina, which contributes to the development of AMD. However, although vision improvement with these three medications was significant, further studies are still being conducted to improve the action of macular degeneration therapy drugs.
Some say Lasik surgery, while unable to restore lost vision due to AMD; can do wonders in slowing down or delaying further damage to the central vision. You could check out ccrsclearvision.com to see how they can help. At the same time, you can ask questions for further clarification.
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is yet another macular degeneration therapy option that can alleviate the symptoms of wet AMD. Here, a doctor will inject a drug called Visudyne into the arm. He will then activate the drug by directing low-energy laser beam right into the eye. The laser beam will activate Visudyne, and as a result, a unique chemical reaction is produced, which can destroy the abnormal blood vessels.
While there is no definite cure for AMD, drugs such as Lucentis, Macugen, Eylea, and photodynamic therapy (PDT) may be able to preserve what is left with your vision.